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children's rights violations in china

The Committee also notes the Government’s indication that it engages in the monitoring of provinces, cities and counties to review the effect given to the policies exempting students from tuition and incidental fees (in both rural and urban areas). (Paragraphs 6 and 7), UN Committee against TortureLast reported: 7 and 10 November 2008Concluding Observations issued: 21 November 2008, The Committee appreciates the promulgation of the following new regulations:(d) The prohibition of corporal punishment of children in schools and judicial processes. 1. Access to health services is limited, making Tibet the worst place to live in China in terms of health. (Paragraphs 17 and 18)While noting that legal measures prohibiting sex-selective abortions and female infanticide and other measures are in place, such as the nationwide campaign, "Operation Caring for Girls", launched in 2006 and a system of incentives, the Committee remains concerned at the persistence of illegal practices of sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and the non-registration and abandonment of female children, and about forced abortions. The Committee expresses its deep concern at allegations of complicity of law enforcement officials with human traffickers and accordingly urges the Government to take immediate measures to ensure that thorough investigations and robust prosecutions of perpetrators of the trafficking of children (including the buyers of persons under 18), and complicit government officials, are carried out and that sufficiently effective and dissuasive penalties are imposed in practice. In this regard, the Committee notes that phase II of the CP-TING Project was launched on 17 March 2010. Barriers to access to education, particularly affecting rural communities, minority regions and internal migrants Lastly, the Committee notes the information in the compilation report of 16 December 2008 prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the Universal Periodic Review of China that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Committee on the Rights of the Child each called upon China to eliminate all miscellaneous and other “hidden” fees for primary education (A/HRC/WG.6/4/CHN/2, paragraph 38). In this regard, the Committee recommends that the State party reallocate resources from the special education system to promote the inclusive education in mainstream schools, so as to ensure that more children with disabilities can attend mainstream education. Accordingly, the Committee strongly urges the Government to take immediate and effective measures to ensure that children under 18 years of age are not, under any circumstance, forced to work within the framework of re-education through labour programmes or work–study programmes. 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to which China is a party. (Paragraph 19) Forced labour in re-education camps Forms of administrative detention still in force include the following:− Work Study Schools (gongdu xuexiao), implemented to correct what is described in the Law on Preventing Juvenile Delinquency adopted on 28 June 1999 as “Seriously unhealthy behaviour that seriously harms society but does not qualify for criminal punishments”. In Tibet, the full realization of Child Rights is far from being reached. These violations include child poverty, violence … The Committee further recommends that mainland China take immediate legal, policy and awareness-raising measures to prevent sex-selective abortions, female infanticide and abandonment of girls, including by addressing factors that reinforce cultural norms and practices that discriminate girls. The Committee recommends that mainland China continue to strengthen programmes and policies to ensure the accessibility of quality education for all children, particularly children of migrant workers, from ethnic minorities and refugee and asylum-seeking children. (a) The particular vulnerability of children of migrant workers, especially those left behind by their parents in the care of relatives or others in mainland China to sexual exploitation and abuse;(b) The low rate of prosecution for such crimes against children and the pervasiveness of extrajudicial settlements in mainland China and withdrawal of complaints in Macau SAR, leading to impunity for perpetrators;(c) The lack of awareness among children in all areas of the State party’s jurisdiction about sexual abuse and ways to respond to and report such incidents;(d) The lack of procedures to identify and support child victims of sexual exploitation and trafficking in Hong Kong SAR; and(e) The limited access to justice, shelter, medical services, psychological counselling and compensation for child victims of sexual exploitation and abuse under the national legislation in mainland China, Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR. The ITUC indicates that the increase in drop-outs, and the corresponding increase in child workers, are due to increasing school fees. The Government indicated that, since 2006, the juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions have made efforts to increasingly conduct teaching in a classroom format and enhance training in vocational skills. The Committee expresses its deep concern regarding children working in hazardous occupations such as mining, often in precarious conditions that fall short of labour safety standards. Therefore, the Committee expresses its serious concern at the compulsory nature of the work performed by children under 18 in re-education through labour programmes and by schoolchildren under the age of 18 within the context of work–study programmes. The conditions of juvenile detention are criticized by NGOs involved in this area because youth are often detained in the same prisons as adults without any separation contrary to what is provided in the CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child). The ITUC’s allegations reference cases where children were brought to work in factories by their parents in order to pay for their school fees.The Committee also notes the information contained in the Government’s report that the net entrance rate for primary school has increased to 99.54 per cent. (Paragraph 66), UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesConcluding Observations issued: 15 October 2012, The Committee is concerned about the high number of special schools and the State party’s policy of actively developing these schools. The Committee notes the ITUC’s allegations that there has been an increasing number of girls trafficked out of China to work as sex workers in Australia, Burma, Canada, Malaysia, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, the Middle East and the United States.The Committee notes the Government’s statement that the NPAT 2008–12 has been implemented in an effective manner, and has contributed to the reduction of the trafficking of women and children at the grassroots level. (Paragraph 22)_________________________________________________________________Corporal punishmentUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). In addition, the Government states that more support has been given to schools in areas with greater numbers of children of migrant workers and that subsidies have been given to provinces where progress has been made on this issue. However, the Committee noted that in 2007, the State Council made more funds available for rural compulsory schooling including providing tuition to all rural students of compulsory school age and increased subsidies to boarding school students from poor rural families. Pursuant to section 25 of the Law on the Protection of Minors, students are only sent to these schools for continued education if disciplinary measures in regular schools (or by guardians) prove ineffective in rectifying undesirable behaviour. The Committee notes the information in the communication submitted by the ITUC of 1 September 2010 which indicates that, in March 2010, a new ten-year reform plan for the overhaul and improvement of the education system began. The ITUC states that, while buying trafficked children carries a sentence of three years’ imprisonment, the vast majority of buyers are not prosecuted, particularly if the child is not harmed and the buyer cooperates with the police. All forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery. Section 25 states that the staff of these schools shall show concern and provide good care for students, and that these schools shall provide an ideological and cultural education, including education in vocational skills. It requests the Government to continue to provide information on measures taken in this regard and to provide information from the monitoring and evaluation exercises conducted to monitor these policies. There are multiple reasons whcih lead families to leave their children so early (poverty, historical reasons, etc…) but it is certain that the right of children to choose this life or to talk about this choice is largely ignored. Administrative detention of children According to government statistics, nearly 100,000 women and children are trafficked in China: it is estimated that children represent at least 10% of that figure. In this regard, it is seriously concerned about the reports of official harassment and forced closure of privately run schools for migrant children in areas where they have little or no access to the state school system. (a) Abolish the institutionalised system of RTL and ‘Work Study Schools’ which allows for the widespread application of administrative detention of children; end the use of incommunicado detention of children, including by immediately closing all secret detention facilities, such as “black jails”; (Paragraphs 91 and 92) (i) Forced labour in re-education through labour camps. . The ITUC’s allegations also indicate that, in some cases, factory personnel who employ trafficked juveniles do not receive administrative or penal sanctions following the rescue of the children. Beijing police detained Wang amid a national crackdown on human rights lawyers and activists in August 2015; while detained he was reportedly tortured with electric shocks and forced to take medications. The UNESCO EFA report further indicates that the unauthorised migrant schools are of questionable quality and some have been forced to close. (Paragraphs 31 and 32)_________________________________________________________________Prevalence of sex-selective abortions despite the prohibitionUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013), The Committee is further concerned that due to longstanding traditions and cultural influences for boy preference and unequal status of girls, sex-selective abortions, female infanticide and abandonment of girls remain widespread, resulting among others in a high male to female sex ratio. (Paragraphs 31 and 32)_________________________________________________________________Barriers to access to education, particularly affecting rural communities, minority regions and internal migrantsUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013) The Committee expresses its serious concern about the lack of accessible compulsory education for the children of migrant workers and urges the Government to redouble its efforts to ensure that these children have equal access to free basic education. The Committee also noted that migrants started to organise their own schools, but that these schools were of variable quality. (e) Ensure that children can exercise their right to legal aid directly, and address disparities in access to justice by enhancing the quality and accessibility of legal aid to all children, including those in situations of vulnerability, such as children of migrant workers and ethnic minorities and children from religious communities. In addition, the Government states that more support has been given to schools in areas with greater numbers of children of migrant workers and that subsidies have been given to provinces where progress has been made on this issue. It requests the Government to continue to provide information on the results achieved, particularly on the number of children of migrant workers who were effectively provided with compulsory education through the measures taken, and estimates on the number of these children who remain out of school. It urges mainland China to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and that the best interests of the child shall be the primary consideration in any action. On Sept. 29, China’s State Council released an action plan on human-rights. The Committee urges the State party, as a matter of priority, to strengthen its efforts to effectively enforce its legislation prohibiting unlawful employment of children. In its previous comments, the Committee noted that section 240 of the Criminal Law of 1997 prohibits the trafficking of women and children. The UNESCO EFA report further indicates that the unauthorised migrant schools are of questionable quality and some have been forced to close. Some eight hundred thousand to two million Uighurs and other Muslims, including ethnic Kazakhs and Uzbeks, have been detained since April 2017, according to experts and government officials[PDF]. It asks the State party to provide sufficient community-based services and assistance also in rural areas. With respect to mainland China, the Committee notes as positive the adoption of various policies, which promote the rights of children with disabilities. Worst forms of child labour. The Committee welcomes the amendment to mainland China’s criminal procedure code and the current discussions on reforming the Re-Education Through Labour Programme (RTL). In addition, the ITUC communication indicates that the corruption of officials, and their collusion with criminal groups (despite anti-corruption measures taken) has severely hindered anti-trafficking efforts.The Committee notes the information in the Government’s report that between June 2008 and May 2010, courts at all levels sentenced 5,308 persons in 3,266 cases for trafficking in women and children, and 217 persons in 137 cases for buying trafficked women and children. The Committee encouraged the Government to consider ratifying the Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children (the Palermo Protocol). In this regard, the ITUC states that reliable and transparent data are essential for the Government and other agencies to effectively tackle the worst forms of child labour. It further urges mainland China to: International Labour OrganisationIndividual Observation on Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. Ultimate authority rests with the CCP Central Committee’s 25-member Political Bureau (Politburo) and its seven-member Standing Committee. Inadequate provision for children with disabilities. Even though China’s Constitution stipulates that freedom of speech is guaranteed, in reality this freedom remains restricted: the media is very controlled, opponents and human rights defenders are often jailed and the Government is known for its very strict censorship policy, especially on the Internet. The Committee is concerned about the high number of special schools and the State party’s policy of actively developing these schools. 138)Published: 2010 The Chinese authorities are trying to control the Tibetan Buddhist religion. 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