Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (9) ... (Romans 1:16, Romans 5:9-10, et al. 1896. Go to. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the New Bible Commentary. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". In this Gospel Jesus is consistently pictured as responding not to human pressure but to the direction of God. Romans 10:9-10. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Study Notes on Romans Page #6 Introductory Thoughts about Commentaries Only the Scriptures provide an infallible, authoritatively inspired revelation of God’s will for man (2 Timothy 3:16,17). They had the same father, the same mother, and were born at one birth. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Nov 15, 2014. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/romans-9.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/romans-9.html. "So the Jewish objectors can"t claim illegitimacy here. Beginning with verse nine, Paul developed the content of what we believe. Romans 9:10. οὐ μόνον δὲ, and not only so) That is: it is wonderful, what I have said; what follows is still more wonderful. And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, For thy violence against thy brother, Jacob, shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 1887. God’s purpose to save men, and make them heirs of His kingdom—a purpose which is characterised as κατʼ ἐκλογήν, or involving a choice—is not determined at all by consideration of such claims as the Jews put forward. New International Version. If his sacrifice on the cross wasn't enough to cover your sin, then he would still be dead showing that this didn't work. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". The more definite notion of promise, which was retained in the preceding, is here expanded into the more general one of the appointment of the divine will as made known. By this example of these twins, and the preference of the younger to the elder, the drift of the apostle is, to shew that God, in his election, mercy, and grace, is not tied to any particular nation, as the Jews imagined, nor to any prerogative of birth, or any foregoing merits. Jacob and Esau, as individuals, were not the principal concern of the election, but the nations which they would produce. Tills now was an undeniable proof, that the promise belongs not to all the children of Abraham, or of Isaac, according to the flesh; all the seed of neither are the children of the promise. The idea that Romans 11:26 is a future promise for the universal salvation of ethnic Jews, at the time that “the full number of the Gentiles has come in” i.e. Î½ ÏÏÎÏÎ¼Î±ÏÎ¿Ï, But not only this; but Rebecca also, when she had conceived by one, even by Isaac our father, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Having conceived by one, our father Isaac, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. And according to Romans 1:16-17, Paul is going to tell us in Romans how to escape, how to be delivered from, how to be saved from this wrath of God. That the choice which God makes of men to the enjoyment of that special favour of being his peculiar people is not according to their external privileges or works, but according to his own free pleasures. In the light of such knowledge, could God have chosen the weaker? Commentary on Romans 10:5-15 View Bible Text . "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament".  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is … 1599-1645. And not only this - Not only is the principle of making a distinction among the natural descendants of Abraham thus settled by the promise, but it is still further seen and illustrated in the birth of the two sons of Isaac. Suppose it were possible to get around the Ishmael rejection by claiming he was illegitimate, what of the two sons of Isaac? Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. It tends very much to the clearing of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in it. Scripture Romans 10 Sort Bible Verse. So you must believe this in your heart. I. Jacob and Esau were born both of the same mother, and she a free woman, and at the same time.— κοίτην) so LXX. Both were sons of the same father and mother, and both were born at the same time. 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; Ver. This means that we will not suffer punishment from God for our *sin. BibliographyTrapp, John. Despite that, the election had to begin with individuals. And as Paul refers to the persons to whom God made known his purpose, I prefer to regard a masculine pronoun to be understood, rather than a neuter, as [Erasmus ] has done: for the meaning is, that God’s special election had not been revealed only to Abraham, but also to Rebecca, when she brought forth her twins. The confession of the mouth (of high essential importance for the relations of every time, and peculiarly of that time!) The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. The first assumption that needs to be set aside is … https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/romans-9.html. God Is Totally Free to Save You. 28.) Solutions for understanding Rom 10:9-10 may be found by reassessing various assumptions brought to the text. A preacher might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions. Paul moved from the first illustration of Isaac and Ishmael (vv. NOT ALL OBEYED THE GOSPEL (16-18) 1. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Jacob and Esau had one father, one mother, and were twin sons; the only ground on which either could have been preferred was that of priority of birth, and this was disregarded by God; Esau, the elder, was rejected, and Jacob, the younger, was made heir of the promises. 1999.  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is … In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Romans 9-10. Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. The problem lies in the reasons people suppose God had for doing it. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/romans-9.html. Man’s commandment keeping is faulty. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". So God has forgiven our *sin. 1909-1922. So that the apostle's argument runs thus: "As Jacob and Esau were begotten of the same father, born of the same mother, laid together in the same womb, and had neither of them done anything at all to oblige or disoblige Almighty God; yet he was pleased to make a difference between them and their posterity after them, giving the beloved Canaan to Jacob and his seed, which by birth-right belonged to Esau and his offspring: so in like manner is it the will and pleasure of God, that the believing Gentiles should become heirs of the promise by faith in Christ, and that the unbelieving Jews should be rejected and cast off for their infidelity.". Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Message. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. Thus, Esau was rejected and Jacob chosen because of God's foreknowledge of what would take place in the lives of both of them. The contextual importance of this addition does not consist in its denying that there was a breach of conjugal fidelity, but in its making palpably apparent the invalidity—for the history of salvation—of bodily descent. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. God's choice did not determine the eternal destiny of either twin, their subsequent lives determining that; but God's choice did determine which would be the patriarch of Israel. Romans 10 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 10.And not only, etc. It was such as quite surpassed all the thoughts even of good men. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Sermon Bible Commentary. Romans 10:9. 1871-8. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. But this meaning of εἰς is said by [Schleusner ] to be sanctioned by Greek writers, such as [Herodotus ] and [Thucydides ] There is no necessity of introducing the word “children,” at the beginning of Romans 9:11; the antecedent in this case, as it sometimes happens, comes after the pronoun; and it is the “elder” and “younger” at the end of Romans 9:12. 10 And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac . Esau was rejected because of what God knew he would become and of what Esau's character would produce in the lives of his posterity. seems to be an instance of Hebraism; the word אחד, “one,” means also “first.” We have other instances of this in the New Testament ; εἰς μίαν των σαββάτων — “on the first (i.e., day) of the week,” Matthew 28:1; see also Mark 16:2; John 20:19. This harmonizes with Genesis 25:23, where the "manner of people" looms as God's great consideration. ISRAEL'S NEGLECT OF THE GOSPEL (16-21) A. And according to Romans 1:16-17, Paul is going to tell us in Romans how to escape, how to be delivered from, how to be saved from this wrath of God. Having conceived by one, our father Isaac. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? His resurrection proved that the penalty or price for sin had been paid ( Romans 6:9-10 ). 1983-1999. Here’s what the New American Commentary states: “R. WHAT ABOUT ROMANS 10:9-10? But God raised Jesus to live. Romans 9:10. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. The issue is genuine faith. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". He wishes to show that God’s promise has not broken down, though many of the children of Abraham have no part in its fulfilment in Christ. These words introduce a second proof from history, namely, the case of Rebecca and her two sons, one of whom was chosen. 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". Romans 9:10 ff. Romans 10:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 10:9, NIV: "If you declare with your mouth, 'Jesus is Lord,' and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved." Ishmael under Abraham, Esau under Isaac, and those, who resembled Ishmael and Esau under Israel, rebelled.— ῥεβέκκα, Rebecca) viz., ἐστὶν, is, i.e. II. Some might object that Ishmael was not a true Jew. 1832. The thought to be supplied is: Not only have we an example of the election of a son of Abraham by one woman, and a rejection of his son by another, but also of the election and rejection of the children of the same woman. Scripture: Romans 9:24–10:1. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Preaching Zeal That Accords with Knowledge. And not only this - A Jew might object: "Ishmael was rejected, not by the sovereign will of God, but because he was the son of the handmaid, or bond-woman, and therefore unworthy to be the peculiar seed; but observe, this was not the only limitation of the seed of Abraham with regard to inheriting the promise, for when Rebecca was with child by that one person of Abraham's issue to whom the promise was made, namely, our father Isaac, she went to inquire of the Lord, Genesis 25:22, Genesis 25:23; : And the Lord said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of People shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one People shall be stronger than the other People; and the elder shall serve the younger. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. That the purpose of God according to election might stand — Whose purpose was, to elect or choose the promised seed. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/romans-9.html. A. Paul’s heart for Israel. 1897. 154; not Anacr. Before discussing the doctrine of election, as it is called, which surfaces in these verses, it is important to note exactly what the Lord said with reference to the election of Jacob in preference to Esau. But God raised Jesus to live. But Rebecca also. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Schmid, Cramer, Rosenmüller, and several others; comp. “I will have mercy upon whom I will have mercy,” He said, “And I will have compassion upon whom I will have compassion.” (Exodus 33:19).When they finished, James spoke up: “Brothers, listen to me. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-9.html. ), as a deliverance from destruction to the Messianic salvation. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/romans-9.html. "Family Bible New Testament". ἐξ ἑνὸς κοίτην ἔχουσα] Who had cohabitation of one (man), the effect of which was the conception of the twin children. Barnab. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. If the election was "not of works," what was it of? Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Message. BibliographyBurkitt, William. This shows that the choice of Jacob was altogether a sovereign act of God, not dependent upon anything that either Jacob or Esau had either done or left undone, the election coming before either of them was born. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/romans-9.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/romans-9.html. Romans 10:9, ESV: "because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved." Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. Commentary on Romans 9:25-29 (Read Romans 9:25-29) The rejecting of the Jews, and the taking in the Gentiles, were foretold in the Old Testament.  John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. God's sovereign act of choice between Rebekah's twins took place before their birth; but God's decision was absolutely not capricious. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh. Update. Book of Romans Romans chapter 1 Romans chapter 2 Romans chapter 3 Romans chapter 4 Romans chapter 5 Romans chapter 6 Romans chapter 7 Romans chapter 8 Romans chapter 9 Romans chapter 10 Romans chapter 11 Romans chapter 12 Romans chapter 13 Romans chapter 14 Romans chapter 15 Romans chapter 16. Nov 15, 2014. In the choice between Jacob and Esau, there is no room for any such supposition. So Calvin: “ubi mentionem gloriæ Dei audis, illic justitiam cogita”. : “non solum id, quod jam diximus, documentum est ejus, quod inferre volumus; Rebecca idem nos docet” (so Grotius, also Seb. κοίτη, couch, bed, often marriage bed (Hebrews 13:4), is found seldom in the classical writers (Eur. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/romans-9.html. But divine wisdom will admit no foolish interferers. That is, if a man shall make a good, sincere, and hearty confession to God, before the church and people of God, and before the world, that Christ is his Lord and Saviour, whom he desires to serve, and to be saved by; and this as arising from a comfortable experience of the grace of God in his soul, and from a true faith in Christ in his heart, wherefore it follows, A fresh and still more decisive proof (for it might be objected that, of Abraham’s children, Sarah’s son only was legitimate) that only the divine disposal constituted the succession to Abraham which was true and valid in the sight of God. Belief in the Resurrection of Christ. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Commentary on Romans 10:5-15 View Bible Text . Used by Permission. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/romans-9.html. Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. Commentary on Romans 12:9-21 View Bible Text . Romans 10:9 “If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.” Explanation and Commentary of Romans 10:9. Romans 11:9 And David says, "LET THEIR TABLE BECOME A SNARE AND A TRAP, AND A STUMBLING BLOCK AND A RETRIBUTION TO THEM.. Greek: kai Dauid legei, Gen etheto e trapeza auton eis pagida kai eis theran kai ei s skandalon kai ei s antapodoma autois,. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Nothing renders a person the object of God's hatred but sin; he doth not hate the devil himself, as he is his creature, but only as he is a sinner. There is no way in which they can be established; and, as we have just seen, God acts in entire disregard of them. She, the mother, and presently after Isaac the father, are named.— ἐξ ἑνὸς, by one) Isaac was now separated from Ishmael, and yet under Isaac himself, in whom Abraham’s seed is called, Esau also is separated from Jacob. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". And not only [this], or [so]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac. Romans 9-10. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). Schol. The apostle mentions this to show, that neither were their ancestors accepted through any merit of their own. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". a. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". English Standard Version Update. οὐ μόνον δέ] See generally on Romans 5:3. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". If Isaac were to be designated as the father of Christians (Reiche, Fritzsche), the context must have necessarily and definitely indicated this, since believers are Abraham’s (spiritual) children. Wisdom of Solomon 3:13; Wisdom of Solomon 3:16. τοῦ πατρ. It was of the sovereignty and foreknowledge of God.  R.L. Commentary on Romans 10:1-4 (Read Romans 10:1-4) The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. Romans 10:9-10 talk about the mouth and the heart not as if this is the single New Testament formula for salvation (for example, as if every salvation text must mention the mouth, or as if deaf-mutes cannot be saved, neither of which is true). Jump to: Adam Clarke Commentary; Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible; Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews ; Coffman Commentaries on the Bible; … Paul is explaining that both Jews and Gentiles are saved in the same way, by faith. 1897-1910. and not only she (Sara) brought forth Isaac, who was the only child of Abraham, to whom the promises descended, though he was the father of Ismael, by Agar, and of all the Ismaelites. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. 1765. All rights reserved. The proposition Paul was establishing by presenting these facts is that it was not by natural descent alone that the Jews themselves were reckoned to be children of Abraham, because the group identified as Jews were far from being his only natural descendants. God chose between two people from the very same family" (McGuiggan p. 289). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/romans-9.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/romans-9.html. Isaac was born of a free-woman, and when Abraham was uncircumcised: besides, Ishmael no sooner came to years, but he showed some tokens of perverseness, and of a wicked spirit. By our father Isaac; to be connected immediately with verse Romans 9:12; in intermediate verse being thrown in to show that in rejecting Esau and taking Jacob, God was not influenced by any good or evil yet done by the children. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-9.html. David Guzik commentary on Romans 10 describes how Israel is still rejecting the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Whiteside, A New Commentary on Paul's Epistles to Saints in Rome (Denton, Texas: Miss Inys Whiteside, 1945). A. Paul’s heart for Israel. He was a profane person and a fornicator (Hebrews 12:16). Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. It is the sovereignty of God, and God is not exlex; He is a law to Himself—a law all love and holiness and truth—in all His purposes towards men. Some might object that Ishmael was not a true Jew. 10. Scripture: Romans 9:30–10:4. "Paul had said plenty already but there was more to come. by Shawn Brasseaux. But a dramatic new factor was involved in the separation of Esau and his descendants from the recognized posterity of Abraham. Romans 9-12 Listen : Israel's spiritual position before God (Romans 9:1-33) There is not a more thorough chapter in scripture that more clearly defines the doctrine of God's foreknowledge, election and predestination than Romans 9. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 9:10". A Jewish opponent might say, “Ishmael was an illegitimate child, who naturally had no rights as against Isaac; we are the legitimate descendants of the patriarch, and our right to the inheritance is indefeasible”. Verses 9-10 God considers us *righteous because of Jesus’ death. BibliographyHodge, Charles. "The Bible Study New Testament". 7-9) to answer an objection that came out of the previous illustration. Paul has mentioned in an earlier chapter, among the notes of true religion, the exclusion of boasting (Romans 3:27); and in substance that is the argument he is using here. American Tract Society. Romans 10:9-10 . Commentary on this … In the case in question His action in regard to Jacob and Esau agrees with His word in the prophet Malachi: Jacob I loved but Esau I hated; and further than this we cannot go. Reading through the passage we will comment on what certain of the verses say rather than what they are presumed to say by those who don’t believe what they say. Romans 9-12 Listen : Israel's spiritual position before God (Romans 9:1-33) There is not a more thorough chapter in scripture that more clearly defines the doctrine of God's foreknowledge, election and predestination than Romans 9. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: this instance is added, because there might be some objection against the former; as if there were some reason why God chose Isaac, and refused Ishmael. We are legitimate descendants of the patriarch and have Chosen People' status." 10 For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved. MUST I AUDIBLY CONFESS “JESUS IS LORD” TO BE SAVED? Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. David Lipscomb has this further thought on the meaning of "not of works": Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated ... was not written of Isaac's sons before they were born, but centuries afterward, this being a quotation, not from Genesis, but from Malachi 1:2f. Involves confessing Jesus and believing in His resurrection (9-10) c. Offered to all who believe and call on Him (11-13) d. Accomplished through the medium of preaching (14-15) II. ἡμῶν is not without a significant bearing on the argument, inasmuch as it contributes to make us feel the independence of the determination of the divine will on the theocratic descent, however legitimate. This happened because of Jesus’ death. Not of works ... means "not of fleshly descent," as noted by Murray: This expression is just another way of saying that God's election of Jacob came without regard to deeds of the unborn twins, there having been none at the time of the election. “Believing with the heart” is insufficient in itself for eternal life.1 2) “Believing with the heart” is more-or-less synonymous with “confessing Jesus as Lord.” When the sinner believes in Christ, he is at the same moment confessing that Jesus is his Savior … By metonymy with cause for the effect we have this peculiar idiom (κοιτη koitē being bed, marriage bed), “having a marriage bed from one” husband. Update. First, two DIFFERENT kinds of people were about to be launched into the stream of history, one weak, the other STRONGER. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Read Introduction to Romans 9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. Our *salvation is complete. That Jacob and Esau are not here to be considered personally, but collectively; for the Israel that descended from Jacob, and for the Edomites which sprang from Esau: for Esau in his own person did not serve Jacob, but the Edomites did which sprang from Esau: for Esau in his own person did not serve Jacob, but the Edomites did serve the Israelites. 9 I am speaking the truth in Christ—I am not lying; my conscience bears me witness in the Holy Spirit— 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Commentary on Romans 9:25-29 (Read Romans 9:25-29) The rejecting of the Jews, and the taking in the Gentiles, were foretold in the Old Testament. Font Size. New International Version. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/romans-9.html. No man or woman is always nice. 1865-1868. 10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved. To this the Apostle replies in Romans 9:10-13. Admittedly, God's attribute of omniscience is a paradox, but only because of our inability to conceptualize it. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Each approach comes with its own difficulties. Romans 11:9 And David says, "LET THEIR TABLE BECOME A SNARE AND A TRAP, AND A STUMBLING BLOCK AND A RETRIBUTION TO THEM.. Greek: kai Dauid legei, Gen etheto e trapeza auton eis pagida kai eis theran kai ei s skandalon kai ei s antapodoma autois,. Hence only the divine disposal constitutes the true and valid succession, and not the bodily descent. And not only this This instance of Ishmael and Isaac, is not the only one, proving that Abraham's natural seed, the children of the flesh, are not all children, the children of God: but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac, After describing all the privileges God has given to the Jewish people as a nation, Paul insists that God will keep those promises. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. In Romans 9 Paul reminds us of an interesting condition. When Isaac blessed his sons, the scriptures relate that he did so "by faith concerning things to come" (Hebrews 11:20); and it is arbitrary and contrary to reason for anyone to suppose that God made choice between those brothers without taking into account the "things to come." Nothing in the election of Jacob and the exclusion of his brother had any bearing at all upon the eternal destiny of either, each individual having still been left free to choose the direction of his life; but it was concerned primarily, if not indeed totally, with the building of the nation of the covenant people. To this the Apostle replies in Romans 9:10 … There is no problem whatever regarding what God did. It tends very much to the clearing of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in it. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. These words introduce a second proof from history, namely, the case of Rebecca and her two sons, one of whom was chosen. Though of one father, a different destiny was divinely appointed for each of the twins. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. Claims as of right, therefore, made against God, are futile, whether they are based on descent or on works. Romans 9:10. K.J.V. Commentaries on Romans. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". p. 199. And he shows that it is not according to any natural principles that the selection was made; that he not only made a distinction between Jacob and Esau, but that he did it according to his good pleasure, choosing the younger to be the object of his favor, and rejecting the older, who, according to the custom of the times, was supposed to be entitled to special honor and rights. First 30-days on us! 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