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irish surnames in south africa

According to tradition, they descended from HEREMON, son of MILLISIUS, the first absolute Monarch of Ireland. Nelson is a western name, Rolihlahla is an African name and Mandela is derived from his clan, Madiba. Tempers frayed. were brought to South Africa as slaves. The South African Irish then returned with other units of 5 Brigade to Kenya and, embarking at Mombasa on 18 April, reached Suez on 1 May 1941. Indeed, they provided its first Magistrate, Capt Durnford, and many years afterwards supplied the Governor, Col MacLean. It is now common in South Africa. Boyle. But not all the Irish brigaders had left. It is a genuine, personal, value for money research service. Whether you're looking to trace your family crest or trying to trace your roots, we've got you covered. These men had a thorough knowledge gained from experience of all the roads, mountain passes, fords through rivers as well as a knowledge of the dialects spoken in the country. In all, some 300 men joined the Irish brigade, including a Catholic chaplain, some Gaelic speakers and about forty Protestants. They were Maj George Twomey, Capt J. Jeoffreys, and a Capt MacDonald. This tradition of mercenary service in foreign armies, conjoined with opposition to Britain, reappeared in the Anglo-Boer War in the form of the Irish Brigade, which served with the forces of the Boer Republics. Authority was granted by Defence Headquarters and Lt Col Brennan, VD (Volunteer Decoration), was appointed as Commanding Officer, with Maj Twomey as Recruiting Officer. A large contingent of Irish troops fought in the Anglo-Boer War on both sides and a few of them stayed in South Africa after the war. With some justification, perhaps the South African Irish Regiment may be referred to as 'the elusive regiment' in two major respects. You e-mail me the surnames you are interested in, and I send you the e-mail address(es) of the person(s) who are researching these surnames for their own family history. The aim of this project is to create a collection of profiles and family-trees of all Irish in South Africa, in order to add profiles you will need to join this project first by clicking on the Action button on the top right corner of this page and select join project. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). Slightly after the famine, but my great-great-granny was a Kennaway girl, a group of Irish girls, supposedly over 18, but granny was 16, who sailed aboard the ‘Lady Kennaway’ to South Africa in 1857. Recruits were quickly found and the battalion formed up at Booysens Camp, Johannesburg, on 9 September 1914, its establishment consisting of six companies. South Africa Online Genealogy Records This chart shows links to countrywide collections. 7. But lucky as ever, and much to the regret of many of MacBride’s men, Lynch escaped the hangman’s noose and was eventually pardoned. In 1961, following the institution of the Republic, the crown was removed from the badge. This name was adopted in the 17th century by Wesselius Praetorius as a Latin translation of his previous surname Schulte. This is because many people from West Africa, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc. Traditions and Curios of the South African Irish Regiment, Upon the re-formation of the Regiment in 1939, a Pipe Band was raised, under Pipe Major Foster, remaining with the Regiment until 1949, after which it became the South African Irish Regimental Association Pipe Band. Maj C. McN. Such a unit was formed in June 1946 and operated until 31 December 1959 as an artillery regiment, its members (drawn from ballots residing in Johannesburg) wearing the gunners' insignia. Then Maud Gonne had involved herself in intrigues with the Boer representative in Europe, unaware that he was already in cahoots with the IRB. When peace came in May 1902, most of the Irish had little choice but to make their way to Europe or America, where MacBride’s men had preceded them. The Regiment at present stands 16th in order of precedence amongst the infantry battalions of the Citizen Force. Morale at this time was excellent. Later the Scouts formed part of 8 Division and were part of the force concentrated to oppose the incursions into the Cape Colony by the forces of Gen Smuts. (1) The 86th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles, to be reconstituted as the Royal Ulster Rifles, who were to be affiliated to the South African Irish Regiment after World War 2) arrived at the Cape on 22 September 1795, one week after the Dutch surrender. As there was no intention at that time to establish additional Active Citizen Force infantry battalions, the request for the re-establishment of the South African Irish in the form of an infantry regiment was refused. War service units were created for East Africa and Europe, and the South African Irish Regiment was formed, together with elements from other units, into the composite 9 South African Infantry ('Sportsmen's') Battalion. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation Soon the Irish commando was ensconced on Pepworth Hill overlooking the besieged garrison town of Ladysmith, where there were members of the Irish Fusiliers, the Irish Regiment, the 5th Royal Irish Lancers and some of the Dublin Fusiliers, all of whom were very eager to get their hands on the ‘flying Fenians’ of MacBride’s Brigade. The helmet plate of the regiment is a magnificent specimen and closely resembles that of the Connaught Rangers who were contemporary. MacBride was in overall command. HQ, Support Company and 'A' Company were recruited in Central Johannesburg, 'B' Company on the East Rand and 'C' Company on the West Rand. Farmers trusted them to such a degree that they would leave their houses and cattle in their charge whilst they set out with their produce for Cape Town. In 1901 Lynch had got himself elected to an Irish seat in parliament, something MacBride had not achieved; but returning from Paris to England, he had been arrested, tried and convicted of high treason. But MacBride had enemies and when news reached camp that a second and rival Irish Transvaal Brigade was being formed in Johannesburg by a newly arrived Irish-Australian called Arthur Lynch, some members of the original Irish commando went over to the new unit. 1. Blake's section distinguished itself at Pepworth, near Ladysmith, where it stood its ground under a hail of British shrapnel, dragging a great deal of ammunition up the hill. One will search Ireland in vain to find a counterpart: a memorial to those Irish soldiers who died fighting in the two Irish commandos in the Boer army. After concentrating at Gilgil in Kenya, the South African Irish took part in the invasion of Southern Abyssinia (1 February 1941) and distinguished itself at El Gumu, Hobok, and Banno early in February 1941. He also won the first road race between Johannesburg and Pretoria. Nineteenth-century South Africa did not attract mass Irish migration, but Irish communities were to be found in Cape town, port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. General Dundas repeatedly declared that without the Dragoons he could not have held the colony. Those echoes may be defined in terms of tenacity and daring, which nobody could deny to the South African Irish. Search each of the Websites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancester lived. Sergeant Majors Brehem, Foster and Owen with Italian prisoners. Driscoll, who had previously served in Burma during the earlier part of the Anglo-Boer War and who decided to come to South Africa with the specific intention of forming an Irish unit. Others returned home but later came out to settle in South Africa with their families. Indeed, it was said to be the one Foreign Corps in the general confusion of the time that achieved some distinction. Driscoll's Scouts also took part in the final operations directed against Gen de la Rey in the Western Transvaal. During World War 2 it changed to 'FAUGH-A-BALLAGH' ('Clear the way'), which has remained to the present time. The former invariably expected more than they were either accorded or received(7). So, too, did the 1903 Paris wedding of MacBride and Maud Gonne, who were married under the brigade’s flag by the brigade’s chaplain. This date, however, is disputed and it would appear that the claim to have been established on 9 September 1914 is recognized as valid. Irish emigrants from the Midlands, Wexford and many counties of Ireland arrived in Argentina mainly from 1830 to 1930, with the largest wave taking place in 1850–1870. TYPE LEER. Throughout the war, great animosity existed between the Irish who opposed each other from either side. On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. The Table shown here gives a listing of the 100 most commonly names found in Ireland and their meanings. A clan of Vikings settled in Ireland c. 500 B.C. Check out this list of top 100 Irish surnames. Both the Cape Colony and the Colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers. Notes on Immigration [edit | edit source]. A pipe band was formed, the pipes and music being obtained in Eire and the personnel wearing saffron kilts and green stockings. 6 Coy South African Irish in Pretoria 1914. Upon its reconversion, to an Infantry regiment, the only change in dress resulting was the return of the original cap badge, the crowned harp and motto, to all non-commissioned ranks. He was rewarded by promotion and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining his post at Port Natal. This was not helped by the Boer army’s democratic structure and cavalier attitude to military discipline. An Irish surname, a variant of Crosbie. Irishmen in the Service of the Boer Republics. There were the retailers, their profession dominated by Ulster Protestant-owned chain stores such as John Orr , William Cuthbert and R. H. Henderson - well-known names even today. Brought to South Africa by settlers of French decent some time in the past 300 years. COETZEE Afrikaans. It is of interest to note that the appellation 'Sportsmen's Battalion' was largely due to the influence of Maj Twomey, who was extremely active in South African sport and prominent in the South African Amateur Boxing Association, the South African Athletics Association, and the South African Olympic Games Association. Cmdt Twomey decided that, in remembrance of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, the top left handcuff button on the khaki jacket should be a chrome South African Artillery button. Others, however, were determined not to vacate the town without a struggle and one of the fiercest firefights was in Orange Grove as the British army pressed the retreating Irish from street to street. A cat-and-mouse game with the British cavalry began—with the Irish as the mouse. They were also issued with horses and had to spend several painful days on the highveld learning to ride. The Irish in South Africa played an important part of the European history and development of the country. Tall and broad-shouldered, he looked like Buffalo Bill and had spent many years in the 6th US cavalry in the wild west fighting the Apache and the Navaho. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O … '(4), Hence, the 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the British colony in Natal. The Freedom of the City has been conferred upon the South African Irish Regiment by both the Johannesburg and Barberton Municipalities, in the former case cementing the long and close ties between the city and the Regiment. Some of the brigade’s members also fought opposite the Dublin Fusiliers at the battle of Colenso on 15 December. In common with the other foreign corps serving with the Boers, the Irish Brigade adopted Boer tactics. and became known as the UI NEILL/O' NEILL clan. O’Connor 89%, Connor 9%, Connors 2% 5. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. Irish journalists worked on major newspapers and often edited them, the most important being Frederick St. Leger, founder and editor of the Cape Times. It is as well they did not fight alongside each other. Between 1902 and 1905, there were about 5,000 Irish immigrants. The Irish had fought well in the war. Continuing change. Several members of the unit were drowned whilst en route to Italy by ship, as prisoners-of-war. The Irish fought at the battles of Diamond Hill on 12 June and Dalmanutha on 27 August, but most of the time they harassed the British advance, most notably when they held the town of Belfast for several hours under heavy fire. Subsequently, after the Battle of Congella (1842), the regiment served in the relieving force in Durban, where a detachment of the regiment, under Capt Charlton Smith, had been under siege for a month under extremely adverse conditions. The regiment also participated in the capture of Mega (18 February 1941). By 1896 there were about 1,000 Irish living in the mining settlement of Johannesburg as well as others in Pretoria and in more far-flung dorps, such as Middelburg where Griffith edited the precursor to the United Irishman. Some of the most popular Irish surnames in the US, explained (previous page) () The motto echoes the history of the Royal Irish Fusiliers the First Battalion of which were known as the 'Faugh-a-Ballaghs', an honorary title conferred upon them during the Peninsular War (1809-1812). Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. The Colour was hung in the old St Mary's Cathedral, Johannesburg, but was, most regrettably, lost when the Cathedral moved from what is now Darragh House to its present site; and, despite the most intensive inquiries, cannot now be traced. According to Military Archives, the date of the formation of the unit is 1 December 1914. Whereas many Irishmen served in units composed of their countrymen which were to found distinguished records in the annals of the British Army, others remained bitter opponents of the Protestant monarchy. The new combined Irish force now moved to the front line in the Orange Free State. During the Zulu War of 1879, the 88th Regiment of Foot (Connaught Rangers) was involved, whilst the 94th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Connaught Rangers) served in the First South African War of Independence of 1880-1881. In February 1942 the South African Irish and 3 Transvaal Scottish ceased to exist as independent infantry units and the remnants were drafted either to the Regiment Botha or to the South African Artillery. The O' NEILLS of ULSTER are the oldest traceable family left in Europe. However, with its reconversion to an infantry unit, it became entitled to Honours that had previously been earned by it and they are now incorporated in the colour of the Regiment presented to them by the State President in 1968. The casualties of the South African Irish were heavy, and included among its number the OC, Lt Col Dobbs; only 140 men escaped the disaster. Little if any thought was given to the prospect of joining a Calvinist army and, as in Ireland, the plight of the black population was not an issue; hatred of the English and the prospect of the rebirth of the wild geese were the simple rationales. In July the Brigade moved to Barberton for further training and, after being fully motorized, proceeded via Durban to Kilindini on the Llanstephan Castle. A soldier of the 45th has supplied some interesting reminiscences of this time and mentions that the Grenadier Company of the 27th was 'the finest in the army, the tallest man being 'Long Hines' who stood 6 feet 8 inches, whilst the shortest was 6 foot.'. This, done with their daredevil tactics, made the Irish very valuable to the Boers. It is also common in Africa and South America. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. South Africans' Geni Landing Site. It is a matter of some pride to the Regiment that Maj Twomey's son, Cmdt C.A. PLEASE NOTE: This is ONLY a listing of who is interested in which South African families. Food was short, as were horses and clothes. Despite the attraction of the new brigade, some Irish, in the words of the Irish pro-Boer campaigner Michael Davitt, ‘have the good sense to remain with their Boer officers’. Secondly, one notes the chameleon-like character of the Regiment, changing from an infantry to an artillery unit, and then reconverting to an infantry unit once again. (Please note that variants of the same surname are shown together with the percentage of the total. The Irish-English section, containing over 7,000 entries, gives the original form of the surname and its precise meaning, then its English equivalent and the former and present location in Ireland. some links lead to articles about immigration. For example Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% means that 3% of the Kelly families use the "O" before the family name.) A campaign there against recruitment to the British army met with some success. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. Elements of the Irish Guards were to participate in the latter phases of the Anglo-Boer War, as components of a composite Guards Mounted Infantry unit. Soon Colonel Blake had to vacate his comfortable surroundings in Pretoria’s Grand Hotel. Pub 1892, Dublin. The Top 100 Surnames in Ireland. Maj Twomey naturally attracted to the South African Irish many prominent sportsmen from Johannesburg and elsewhere. Major George Twomey co-founder of the S.A. Irish in 1914 and 1939. Garrisoning four towns besieged by the Boers, the regiment also incurred many casualties in the course of the battle of Bronkhorstspruit. The unit was designated as the First South African Irish but, in fact, a Second Battalion was never formed, for men intended for this Second Battalion were drafted to the First. Up to this point, the Irish contribution to the British military effort in South Africa had been discussed, whether this contribution was in the form of Irish units forming part of the regular British military establishment or autonomous ('colonial') units, as in the case of Driscoll's Scouts. After the capture of Mega in 1941. Cochran, who succeeded Lt Col Dobbs, was wounded. Family emigrated to S.A - Port Elizabeth about 1849 onboard the ship "ORIENT" or "ORIENTAL" from Plymouth, England to Port Elizabeth, South Africa Moreland, MC, trained at Premier Mine, being brigaded with the Imperial Light Horse and Pretoria Regiment. As 11 Battery, 4 Field Regiment, South African Artillery, the Irish were once again in action at El Alamein, and fired their first shot in the engagement on 24 September 1942, at 22h00. Nevertheless, authority was granted for the formation of an artillery unit, to be designated 22 Field Regiment (South African Irish) South African Artillery. Here they faced Lord Roberts’ army of 45,000 men. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. However, a green shamrock cloth patch was worn on the left-hand side of the hat or helmet. The Irish commando fought well and indeed for a while in the driving rain held the road to the north against Lord Dundonald’s cavalry, allowing the Boers to bring up their oxen to drag out the artillery. The surname ‘Murphy’ takes the top spot for the most popular Irish surname worldwide. Brennan seated in chair and Capt (later Major) G.Twomey standing right. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. The South African Irish, with its sister units, the 2 Botha and 3 Transvaal Scottish, together with the Transvaal Horse Artillery, was enmeshed in the defeat at Sidi Rezegh on 23 November 1941, when the German panzers overwhelmed 5 Brigade and 'plunged straight into Egypt.' SOURCE MOOC As a further memento of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, Sam Browne belts were not worn for walking out.(9). The Force landed at Walvis Bay on the morning of 25 December 1914 and was immediately in action. With the close of the SWA Campaign Active Citizen Force regiments were not permitted to proceed, as such, to other theatres of war. The Section under Col Lynch was also involved in the fighting around Ladysmith and was particularly acclaimed following its stand near Dundee in the general Boer withdrawal. The original motto of the Regiment in 1914 was that of the Royal Irish Rifles (later the Royal Ulster Rifles), 'QUIS SEPARABIT?') By resisting the British advance for over an hour it gained valuable time for the remainder of the force engaged. DE BEER Afrikaans De Beer is a Dutch and Afrikaans surname, meaning "the bear" ... Louw is a surname that has pre 7th century Germanic origins. Issued at first with single-shot Martini rifles, soon most of the Irish commando had acquired captured Lee Enfield and Lee Metford rifles. Between the accession of Queen Elizabeth II(1952) and the institution of the Republic, the St Edward's Crown was worn by Majors and Warrant Officers on the shoulder straps and sleeves. When it comes to the most common Irish surnames, Murphy is still top dog. Lt.Col. South African Irish Officers in Pretoria 1914. Though there were seven American doctors among them, the rest of the men under Captain O’Connor flagrantly used their Red Cross accreditation to get out of America to Africa to fight for the Boers. Pro-Boer demonstrations were held, pro-Boer rioting occurred, the flag of the Transvaal Republic—the vierkleur—was to be seen in Dublin, where for a period there even existed a no-go area at night for forces of the crown. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. There were two sets of fathers and sons. Reports of a son born in the Transvaal to MacBride would emerge only eighty years later. Regardless of where your family immigrated; if you had a branch in South Africa, it’s history and records are worth exploring. Welcome to South African Ancestry: We would suggest that first time visitors to the South African Ancestry website first do a search on the surnames that you are researching to see what records are available on the South African Ancestry database. When the rising finally came, though, MacBride stumbled on it by accident—but was soon once again number two in a fighting unit. The 27th Regiment of Foot discussed earlier, reappears during the Basuto War of the mid-1880s, together with the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. These relay Dragoons protected their houses from runaway slaves and their cattle from beasts of prey. Twomey, son of Major George Twomey commanded the Regiment between 1956 and 1965 and became Honorary Colonel in 1977. When it became clear that the South African Republic would go to war with Britain, clandestine Irish meetings were held in John Mitchell’s clothes cleaning shop in Johannesburg and by September 1899, with the help of a South African-Irishman named Solomon Gillingham, a proposal for a 700-strong Irish Transvaal Brigade was accepted by the Boer government. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. In this form it returned to North Africa as a component of 6 South African Armoured Division, later serving in Italy. Thus, the usual designation was simply 'South African Irish'. The second Irish Transvaal Brigade was posted to the Helpmekaar Pass on the Biggarsberg where they fought well during the Boer retreat up to Laing’s Nek on the Natal border. DEATH NOTICE - Pages in category "Surnames of Irish origin" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 525 total. This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. Towards the end of the War Lynch's section was in action in the Barberton and neighbouring regions. In November 1939 the Union Defence Forces had approved of the formation of the unit and two months later parades were held and details forwarded to the South African Military College at Roberts Heights concerning courses of instruction. When the British army was mopping up after the insurrection, they found rifles with Boer carvings on their butts. DEPOT KAB The dividing line between commandeering and looting is fine and the Irish corps were sometimes accused of crossing it. Note: Pronunciation marks were not copied. Blake and some of the lads remained and for the next eighteen months, these Irish ‘bitter-enders’ harassed the British army along the line of the Pretoria-Delagoa railway line through the Transvaal, on one occasion, 7 January 1901, defeating a unit of the Royal Irish Regiment at Monument Hill. ('Who will separate us?'). Driscoll, DSO, commander of Driscoll's Scouts during the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. Somerset, MC, and, together with 2 Botha Regiment and 3 Transvaal Scottish, formed 5 South African Infantry Brigade. As the months progressed, disunity spread in Irish ranks. Ahead lay the colony of Natal with its Irish governor, its Irish prime minister and several Irish regiments of the British army. The Regimental march was 'The County Down Militia 'but it has now been changed to 'Killaloe'. Relations between the Irish Brigade and the Boers were often strained (as were relations between other foreign volunteers and the Boers). Col. C.A. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Filed Under: ... Ancestry / Genealogy Back in the eastern Transvaal, the Irish brigaders were suffering. Soon the Irish lads were safe, but bored, in the mountains of the nearby Biggarsberg. Before long Blake had left the Irish commando altogether to fight elsewhere and for the last two months of its existence, MacBride was in sole command. There were the professional men: the lawyers, dentists and doctors. Only a few men, however, had fighting experience. The badge was produced locally and worn on the cloth patch, and also as collar badges, this comprised a brass shamrock upon which was stamped 'S.A. The Cape Town Irish Rifles may be said to represent the first predecessor of the South African Irish Regiment, in so far as it was the first indigenous South African unit with a distinct ethnic Irish component. The regimental mascot was, predictably, an Irish terrier. On Saturday, 29 January 1921, at Milner Park, Johannesburg, the South African Irish Regiment was presented with the King's Colour by Prince Arthur of Connaught, the (then) Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, in recognition of its service in German South West Africa. This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission The unit also made a name for itself, to which the same authority bears witness 'Frequent reference has been made to the service rendered by this regiment in the disturbances at the Cape during 1796-1803. Geni requires JavaScript! On 1 January 1960, the Regiment reverted to its original infantry role and regained its old title, 'The South African Irish Regiment.' Meaning ‘sea-battler,’ this name… Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records, Irish Settlement and Identity in South Africa before 1910, the South African National Museum of Military History, Sir John Francis Cook, Irish Cape Governor. 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Officers and regimental sergeant Majors Honorary COLONELS, COMMANDING officers and regimental sergeant Majors Honorary COLONELS %...

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